soustraire

出典: フリー多機能辞典『ウィクショナリー日本語版(Wiktionary)』
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フランス語

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語源

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古フランス語 sustraire < ラテン語 subtrahere

発音

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  • IPA(?): /sus.tʁɛʁ/
  • (ファイル)

動詞

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soustraire

  1. く。
  2. (数学) く、引き算する、減算する。
  3. (再帰動詞) のがれる、まぬかれる。

活用

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This verb traditionally has no past historic or imperfect subjunctive. They would be formed on a -soustray- root: *je soustrayis, *que nous soustrayissions etc. Forms using the ‘a’ endings of verbs in -er are now used when there is an unavoidable need to use these forms. The root -soustrais- was used instead of -soustray- in the 18th century, and remains in Swiss and Savoy dialects.

This verb traditionally has no past historic or imperfect subjunctive. They would be formed on a -soustray- root: *je soustrayis, *que nous soustrayissions etc. Forms using the ‘a’ endings of verbs in -er are now used when there is an unavoidable need to use these forms. The root -soustrais- was used instead of -soustray- in the 18th century, and remains in Swiss and Savoy dialects.

関連語

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諸言語への影響

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  • ルーマニア語: sustrage

アナグラム

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