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  • (イギリス英語) IPA(?): /ˈəʊld/
  • (アメリカ英語) IPA(?): /ˈoʊld/
  • (ファイル)
  • (ファイル)
  • (ファイル)


old (比較級 older 又は elder(年齢), 最上級 oldest 又は eldest(年齢))

  1. (生き物が)としをとった。老け老い
    • 1911年, Frances Hodgson Burnett, "The Secret Garden"[1]
      She walked back into the first kitchen-garden she had entered and found the old man digging there.
    • 1948年, Ruth Stiles Gannett, "My Father's Dragon"[2]
      One cold rainy day when my father was a little boy, he met an old alley cat on his street.
  2. ある年齢の。(数詞を伴って)~の。ある年頃の。(比較級の形で)よりも年上の。
    • 1872年, George MacDonald, "The Princess and the Goblin"[3]
      The princess was a sweet little creature, and at the time my story begins was about eight years old.
    • 1890年, Ruth Ogden, "A Loyal Little Red-Coat"[4]
      Starlight's a dear, good boy, but he is not old enough for me to burden him with all my troubles as I do you.
    • 1914年, Rose Lucia, "Peter and Polly in Winter"[5]
      Peter Howe is a little boy. Polly is his sister. She is older than Peter.
  3. (物が)ふるい。古びた旧式の。
    • 1900年, L. Frank Baum, "The Wonderful Wizard of Oz"[6]
      She took off her old leather shoes and tried on the silver ones, which fitted her as well as if they had been made for her.
    • 1920年, Abbie Phillips Walker "Sandman’s Rainy Day Stories"[7]
      “I can cause all the rooms of the old castle to become new and filled with beautiful hangings and furniture, as they were before your father became so poor.”
  4. 過去の。以前の。の。(何かが置き換わったときの)の。
    • 1902年, Alice Mabel Bacon, "Japanese Girls and Women"[8]
      In old times, the wedding took place in the afternoon, but it is now usually celebrated in the evening.
    • 1920年, Abbie Phillips Walker "Sandman’s Rainy Day Stories"[9]
      Prince Lorenzo grew up with a longing for vengeance in his heart, and often at night his mother would find him gazing in the direction of his old home as he stood alone under the stars.
  5. 親愛なる。





  1. Frances Hodgson Burnett. "The Secret Garden". 1911. Frederick A. Stokes Company. (Project Gutenberg. August, 1994. https://www.gutenberg.org/files/17396/17396-h/17396-h.htm)
  2. Ruth Stiles Gannett. "My Father's Dragon". 1948. Random House. (Project Gutenberg. September 18, 2009. http://www.gutenberg.org/files/30017/30017-h/30017-h.htm)
  3. George MacDonald. "The Princess and the Goblin". 1920. David McKay Company. (Project Gutenberg. Release Date: November 16, 2010. https://www.gutenberg.org/files/34339/34339-h/34339-h.htm)
  4. Ruth Ogden. "A Loyal Little Red-Coat". 1890. New York: Frederick A. Stokes Company. (Project Gutenberg. Release Date: February 26, 2017. Last Updated: March 13, 2018. https://www.gutenberg.org/files/54132/54132-h/54132-h.htm)
  5. Rose Lucia. "Peter and Polly in Winter". 1914. American Book Company (Project Gutenberg. Release Date: October 24, 2011. https://www.gutenberg.org/files/37837/37837-h/37837-h.htm)
  6. L. Frank Baum. "The Wonderful Wizard of Oz". 1900. (Project Gutenberg. Release Date: February, 1993. Most recently updated: October 19, 2020. https://www.gutenberg.org/files/55/55-h/55-h.htm)
  7. Abbie Phillips Walker. "Sandman’s Rainy Day Stories". 1920. Harper & Brothers. (Project Gutenberg. Release Date: July 23, 2022. https://www.gutenberg.org/cache/epub/68589/pg68589-images.html)
  8. Alice Mabel Bacon "Japanese Girls and Women". Revised and Enlarged Edition. Houghton Mifflin Company. Boston and New York. 1902. (Project Gutenberg. Release Date: May 20, 2010. https://www.gutenberg.org/files/32449/32449-h/32449-h.htm)
  9. Abbie Phillips Walker. "Sandman’s Rainy Day Stories". 1920. Harper & Brothers. (Project Gutenberg. Release Date: July 23, 2022. https://www.gutenberg.org/cache/epub/68589/pg68589-images.html)